Travel Health

From: Travel Health Information and Advice

Salmonella is a bacteria that causes an intestinal infection, often due to contamination of food or drink by infected faeces.

Salmonella Poisoning
There are several strains of salmonella bacteria that can be found within the intestines of both humans and animals which are excreted out in the faeces.

Contamination of water or food products with the bacteria can occur at any time and is often due to poor food hygiene, handling, preparation or cooking practices.

The bacteria can contaminate any food such as eggs, milk, beef, poultry, fruit and vegetables.

Symptoms of Salmonella
Symptoms of Salmonella usually last for between 3 to 10 days often with a full recovery and with no need of medical assistance, however in sever cases hospitalization may be required to monitor fluid intake and general care of symptoms.

Signs of salmonella typically show between 12 and 72 hours after the initial infection and can include:

Diagnosing Salmonella
Salmonella can be identified through a stool sample.

Preventing Salmonella
In order to reduce the risk of salmonella infection:

Treatment For Salmonella
Treatment usually involves the patient taking rest and drinking plenty of fluids. In most cases hospitalization will only be required if the salmonella is severe in which case careful rehydration through intravenous fluids and antibiotics may be necessary.

Most At Risk
People who are particularly at risk are those who frequently handle reptiles, amphibians and birds, people with an already weakened immune system, people with a inflammatory bowel disease and anyone sharing a house with someone who has a salmonella infection.