Leptospirosis (Weil's Disease)
Travel Health

From: Travel Health Information and Advice

Leptospirosis (Weil's Disease)
Leptospirosis, also known as Weil's disease is caused by the leptospira interrogans bacteria and if left untreated can be fatal.

Symptoms of Leptospirosis
Early symptoms of the disease are similar to that of flu:

In some cases the disease can take a more complicated path and affects internal organs causing complications such as:

Cause of Leptospirosis
The disease passes from animals to humans through water and vegetation that has been contaminated with urine from infected animals such as rodents, cattle, pigs, foxes and dogs. The virus enters the human body via cuts, grazes, mucous membranes and contaminated food or water, once inside the disease quickly infects the bloodstream.

Areas That Leptospirosis Is Found
Leptospirosis can be found all around the world and is especially prevalent in rural tropical and sub tropical locations.

Most At Risk From Leptospirosis
Those most at risk include people who are in contact with potentially infected urine and blood of animals such as farm workers and veterinarians as well as people who partake in fresh water recreational activities.

Diagnosing Leptospirosis
Blood and urine tests are used to detect the presence of the bacteria.

Preventing Leptospirosis
In areas where the disease may be widespread take precautions such as:

Treatment for Leptospirosis
Treatment involves the use of antibiotics and in more serious cases hospitalization will be required to provide the patient with the required support to deal with any complications such as kidney failure or internal bleeding.