Haemophilus Influenza Type B HiB
Travel Health

From: Travel Health Information and Advice

Haemophilus Influenza Type B (HiB)
Haemophilus Influenza Type B, also known as HiB is a serious bacterial infection mainly affecting children under 5 years of age which if left untreated can prove fatal and often leads to illnesses such as meningitis and pneumonia.

Symptoms of Haemophilus Influenza
Consult your doctor immediately if you suspect HiB as the disease is often fatal and can leave lasting damage, those particularly at risk are children. Symptoms of HiB often begin with the following:

And if left untreated further complications can include:

Areas Infected by Haemophilus Influenza
Due to a lack of vaccine many areas of sub-Saharan Africa have a high percentage of HiB. Most developed countries have immunization programs in place for children.

Cause of Haemophilus Influenza
The Haemophilus influenzae serotype b bacteria is present in an infected persons nose and throat and can be easily spread through droplets or mucus from their nose or throat by coughing, sneezing or close contact.

Preventing Haemophilus Influenza
Immunization against HiB is available and in developed countries often begins at 2 months of age.

Treatment for Haemophilus Influenza
Treatment of the individuals symptoms with the use of antibiotics.