Ebola Virus (Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever)
Travel Health

From: Travel Health Information and Advice

Ebola Virus • Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever is caused by the Ebola virus and infection is potentially fatal.

Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever Symptoms
The Ebola virus has a varied incubation period of anywhere between a few days to three weeks, when symptoms begin they often do so abruptly and can include:

Later symptoms can include:

Cause Of Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
Haemorrhagic fever is a viral disease caused by the Ebola virus. There are four main types of Ebola virus each named after their place of discovery; Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Ivory Coast, Ebola-Sudan and Ebola-Reston, the virus also affects non humans with high death rates in chimpanzees, gorillas and monkeys.

The disease is easily spread through close contact with someone that is infected via body secretions or blood so great care must be taken when in an Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever area.

Areas Affected By Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
Areas in central Africa such as Uganda, Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo.

Testing For Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
Diagnosing for the Ebola virus on symptoms alone is difficult, because they are so similar to many other illnesses. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test (ELISA) is usually performed on a blood sample.

Treatment For Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever has a high mortality rate and prompt diagnosis, treatment of symptoms and isolation is essential to prevent further spread of the virus.

There is no specific treatment other than closely monitoring the patients symptoms and treating accordingly often with fluid therapy.

How To Help Prevent Ebola Haemorrhagic Fever
There is no vaccine available for the disease, all those infected are placed in isolation and all equipment thoroughly sterilised to prevent the disease from further spreading. Anyone coming into contact with an infected person should take precautions such as wearing protective clothing such as a mask and gloves.