Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Travel Health

From: Travel Health Information and Advice

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis is a formation of a blood clot that if left untreated can cause permanent lung damage and death.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Symptoms
If you suspect DVT consult your doctor immediately. Blood clots usually occur in the legs, although they can occur anywhere with or without showing any symptoms. The following symptoms however are common in most cases:

Pulmonary Embolism
Deep Vein Thrombosis can in some cases develop into a pulmonary embolism which is when a blood clot travels through your heart to the lungs and is far more serious and requires immediate medical attention as it can be fatal. Symptoms can include:

Cause Of Deep Vein Thrombosis
DVT is largely caused by poor circulation leading to a blood clot or clots forming in the veins. DVT causes can include:

Testing For Deep Vein Thrombosis
Your doctor will perform a physical exam followed by a blood test to confirm the increased levels of a substance that dissolves clots. Ultrasound and MRI can also be used to locate the blood clots and provide a visual image.

Treatment For Deep Vein Thrombosis
Treatment will usually involve the use of medication to help:

In the case of a pulmonary embolism surgery may be required to remove the blood clot.

How To Help Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis
There are many ways in which you can help prevent the chances of DVT from happening: