The Regions Of Peru
Peru • South America

From: Peru Travel Guide

See also: LimaCuzcoPeru Festivals and Events

The Regions Of Peru, South America
There are 25 regions or districts within Peru, which are situated across the coastal , Amazonas and Andean Mountain regions with each region having its own capital city.

Coastal Regions
The coastal regions are well known for their beautiful beaches and water sport activities, in particular surfing. The coast offers some of the best fresh seafood dishes and is one of the best locations to try the Peruvian drink Pisco. There are also plenty of ancient sites and attractions such as the Nazca Lines and the Royal Tombs Of Sipan Museum.

Tumbes Region
The Tumbes Region has the city of Tumbes as the capital and is situated at the northern end of Peru. The region is well known for its beautiful sandy beach's at Punta Sal, Caleta and Zorritos and for the warm sea that is perfect for many water sport activities such as swimming, fishing, wind surfing, scuba diving and surfing. To the south of Tumbes is Bocapan Beach which contains many hot springs or Hervideros that are rich in iodine and salts. At Puerto Pizarro you will find many boats moored up and the opportunity to go on a boat and explore the National Mangrove Sanctuary that links the river and the sea to form an amazing ecosystem. Also in Tumbes you will discover the National Park Cerro de Amotape and the National Forest of Tumbes.
During the month of October a Tourism Week is held which is great way to enjoy both the beach's and a selection of traditional and home cooking which often includes a wide range of fish and seafood such as Shrimps, Lobster, Black Scallops and Crabs, along with a traditional drink called Chinguirito which combines coconut milk and a grape Brandy known as Pico as well as the chance to meet many of the local residents.

Piura Region
Piura Region has the city of Piura as the capital and is considered to be the most ancient colonial city of Peru. The city of Piura has a great deal of history behind it and still contains some interesting sites such as the Piura Cathedral, the Plaza de Armas and the Kurt Beer Ecological Parque which has an amazing variety of plant and wildlife present. One of the best known locations for surfers is along the Piura coastline where beach's such as La Esmeralda beach, Organos and Cabo Blanco all offering excellent surf conditions with plenty of surf schools available to assist those less experienced get the hang of riding the waves.

Lambayeque Region
Lambayeque Region has Chiclayo as the capital city as well as Lambayeque which contains several buildings from colonial times as well as important artefacts from many of the archaeological sites around Peru, in particular from the Tombs of Sipan.

There are two museums of particular interest, the Bruning Archeological Museum which contains many items from cultures such as the Chimu and Mochica. There is also the The Royal Tombs Of Sipan Museum (Museo Tumbas Reales de Sipan) which contains many of the treasures that were found at the Sipan Royal Tombs... more about The Bruning Archaeological MuseumThe Royal Tombs Of Sipan Museum

The Region of La Libertad
The Region of La Libertad has Trujillo as the capital city and which contains many colonial buildings, a Cathedral, Thermal Baths of Cachicaden, El Carmen Monastery, Chan Chan Museum, Pyramid of the Sun, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Del Carmen Church Art Gallery. The area is also known for the Marinera dance and is also home to the elegant Peruvian Paso horse. The Port of Malabrigo is another very popular surfing destination and every March hosts its own surfing championships and Huanchaco is another great fishing and surfing destination and it is from here that the caballitos de totora rafts are hand crafted out of Totora reeds... more about Chan Chan

Ancash Region
The region of Ancash contains the capital city of Huaraz as well as many important sites of interest such as the Temple of Sechin, site of Chavin de Huantar, the therapeutic Thermal Spa Baths of Monterrey and the Thermal Baths of Chancos and the impressive mountain range of the National Park Huascaran... more about Chavin de HauntarHuascarran National Parks

Callao Region
Callao Region has the city of Callao as the capital and is one of the largest of Peru's Ports. The area itself is well known for its beautiful beach's and for several small Islands just off from the shore which contain much wildlife and are well worth a visit, also of interest is the Castillo de Real Felipe Fortress and for the Naval Museum known as the Museo Naval and the Military Museum known as the Museo del Ejercito... more about The Naval Museum

The Region of Lima
The Region of Lima has Huacho as the capital city and contains a great deal of history as well as several important buildings and sites of interest such as the Palace of Justice, The Plaza Mayor and the Plaza San Martin as well as several museums such as the Museum of Natural History, the Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru, the Museum of Art of Lima and the Museum of the Nation... more about LimaThe Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru

Ica Region
Ica Region has the bustling city of Ica as the capital which is well known for its wine and Pisco Sour, with the wine cellars at Vista Alegre, Tacama and Ocucaje are well worth visiting. The sand dunes which surround Ica are great for dune buggies and sand boarding and within Ica there is the museum of Piedras Grabadas where a collection of many engraved stones from around the area can be found and also the beautiful Huacachina Lagoon and Sanctuary of Senor de Lauren. Close to Ica are the famous Nazca Lines which are still remarkably well preserved in the Pampas de Jumana... more about the Nazca Lines

The Arequipa Region
The Arequipa Region has the city of Arequipa as the capital as is located in the South of Peru and on one side borders the sea and contains many popular beach's such as Mollendo which also serves as a port for local fisherman with the Port of Matarani used as the major coastal Port in the south of Peru. Further inland you have the beautiful mountain ranges, valleys and canyons, one of the most popular is the Colca Canyan where visitors can enjoy watching the Andean Condors soaring effortlessly above one of the deepest canyons in the world.

The Region of Moquegua
The has the city of Moquegua which means "quiet place" in Quechua as its capital, in the centre of the city is the square which contains a wonderful fountain in its centre by Gustave Eiffel, other city attractions include a cathedral, several historic houses and the Museum Contisuyo which has many important pieces collected from the region such as ceramics, bone fragments, bowls, spoons and traditional clothing. The city is surrounded by rural areas that grow fruits such as avocados and grapes which are used to produce Pisco Biondi a well known brandy.

Tacna Region
Tacna Region has the city Tacna as its capital and is regarded as the the most patriotic cities in Peru. Within the city you will find an impressive cathedral and the famous monument known as Alto de la Alianza which is dedicated to many heroic people who fought for Peru's Independence and during the War of The Pacific. There is also an interesting arch positioned in a well presented central square which has neat gardens at either end.

Amazon Basin Regions
The Amazon Basin region contains some of the most stunning scenery and habitats, that is abundant in flora and fauna and quite simply waiting to be admired from the Amazon River, the forest floor and the tree tops.

Amazonas Region
Amazonas Region has Chachapoyas as the capital city and contains one of the most stunning rainforests in the world and takes its name from the Amazon River. The Amazonas contains simply hundreds of species of flora and fauna such as Monkeys, Caimans, Giant River Otters, Capybara, butterflies and birds. There are several options open to you if you wish to explore this beautiful and vast uncut rainforest one is by hiking with a guide and the other is by travelling along the river in style on anything from a small cruise ship to a river boat, many of which operate out of Iquitos.

Madre de Dios Region
Madre de Dios Region has Puerto Maldonado as the capital city and features the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve and the Purus Communal Reserve and Manu National Park and is home to animals such as the Giant River Otter, Amazonian Turtles, Andean Cock of the Rock bird and several species of Monkeys... more about The Manu National Park

Andean Mountain Regions
The Andean Mountain Regions offer some of Peru's most diverse terrain, from the snow topped mountains and glaciers to the valley's, lakes and Inca sites found below.

Apurimac Region
Apurimac Region has Abancay as the capital city. One of the attractions to this area is to visit the Sayhuite archaeological site which contains a temple and the famous Sayhuite Stone which is covered in carved geometric and animal figures. Also within the region are the Hualalache Thermal Baths and the Ampay National Sanctuary which contains many endangered species of plants and several species of animals such as the Andean Fox and Andean Condor as well as the breathtaking Uspaccocha Lagoon which is sited in a massive crater and has mountains rising all around it.

Ayacucho Region
Ayacucho Region has Ayacucho as the capital city which is located high up in a broad valley that is surrounded by the Andes mountains. The city contains a magnificent Cathedral which contains two bell towers and a museum and is also wonderfully lit up at night to great effect. There are also several other church's and colonial buildings all closely situated around the very symmetrical central Plaza de Amas. The Museo Arqueologico Hipolito Unaue has many important artefacts from the nearby Wari Ruins where the ancient Wari tribe who ruled the area used to live, the ruins still contain many burial chambers, monuments and stone structures and the site is well worth a visit. The city of Ayacucho is also known for its holy week processions which often feature bull running and horse racing.

The Cajamarca Region
The Cajamarca Region has the historic city of Cajamarca as the capital which is well known for the famous Battle of Cajamarca where the Spanish captured and killed the Inca Ruler Atahualpa and in effect ended the Inca Empire. Cajamarca still contains many colonial buildings which are Spanish in style and several church's, the area is also well known for its Hot Springs or Inca Baths which are known as Banos del Inca. This is also the place to go to buy a very large straw hat which are both produced and worn by the locals and are known as Palma Sombreros also unique to the area are the Long Horns which can be heard from a long way away. Cajamarca is well known for producing excellent cheeses and dairy products and is an excellent place to visit especially during the Carnival season where there are a great deal of festivities and merriment held.

The Cusco Region
The Cusco Region has the city of Cusco as the capital and which is filled with museums, several churches and many of the top tourist sites such as the Inca trail, the sacred city of Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley, Sacsayhuaman Fortress or Sun's House as the Inca's called it and which was a vast religious site that was built of solid rock over three levels and there is also the ruins and aqueducts of Tambomachay... more about CuzcoMachu PicchuSacred ValleyInca TrailManu National Park

The Region of Huancavelica
The Region of Huancavelica consists of valleys, deep gorges , the beautiful Choclococha Lake and snow topped mountains and has the city of Huancavelica as its capital. The city is located approximately 3,500 meters above sea level and has many churches and buildings which contain some interesting architecture and several museums including the Manuel Humberto Espinoza Archeological Museum which contains many artefacts such as pottery and jewelry.

The Huanuco Region
The Huanuco Region has the city of Huanuco as the capital and is bordered by La Libertad, San Martin, Ucayali and Loreto regions and features the El Sira Communal Reserve.

Junin Region
Junin Region has Huancayo as the capital city and is situated to the west of the Amazonias and borders with the Lima Region. Junin features the Ashaninka Communal Reserve, the Chacamarca Historical Sanctuary and the Otishi National Park.

The Loreto Region
The Loreto Region has Iquitos as the capital city which is a major Port along the Amazon River with many passenger boats travelling from here to visit surrounding areas such as the Nanay and Ucayali Rivers.

Pasco Region
Centrally positioned in Peru is the Pasco Region which has Cerro de Pasco as its capital city is still known as a mining town after the miners who settled here after the Spanish Conquest found a rich supply of gold and silver.

Puno Region
Puno Region has the city of Puno as the capital which contains many interesting buildings such as the Church of San Pedro and the Titicaca Boat Museum. The city of Puno also lies next to Lake Titicaca where visitors can enjoy the beautiful lake and scenery and visit the many islands which include the floating Uros islands... more about Lake Titicaca

San Martin Region
San Martin Region has Moyobamba as the capital city the area of which is well known for its stunning location within the rainforest which forms a magnificent backdrop to the city as well as for the beautiful lakes, hot springs and for two waterfalls in particular known as the Gera Waterfall and Ahuashiyacu waterfall... more about Rio Abiseo National Park

Ucayali Region
Ucayali Region has Pucallpa as the capital city and the Chullachaqui Botanical Gardens and Lake Yarinacocha which is popular for water sport activities.