National Parks
Peru • South America

From: Peru Travel Guide

See also: Peru FestivalsPeru Regions

National Parks, Peru, South America
There are several National Parks within Peru most notably the Huascaran National Park, The Tambopata National Park, The Manu National Park and the Rio Abiseo National Park.

The Huascaran National Park
The Huascaran National Park has been a World Heritage Site since 1985 and covers an area of around 300,000 hectares which contains several lakes, glaciers, deep ravines and rivers including the Santa, Pativilca and Maranon. The impressive Huascaran Tropical Mountain which stands at 6768 meters above sea level is also located within the park along with several other snow capped peaks in the Huascaran National Park.

There are hundreds of species of plants such as Puya raimondi and wildlife such as the Andean Condor, Hummingbird, Spectacled Bear, Andean Cat, Llama, deer and South American Tapir are amongst the inhabitants of the valley.

The Manu National Park
The Manu National Park and the Cultural Zone together form the Manu Biosphere Reserve. The Manu National Park contains several unique areas such as the Cloud Forest which is constantly covered in a blanket of mist, the wonderful lowland rainforest and the high altitude Puna which has wonderful lakes and superb scenery.

The park is host to around 200 species of mammals such as the rare Spectacled Bear, Giant Otters, Jaguars, Giant Black Caimen and over 10 species of Monkey's as well as around a 1000 species of birds such as Parrots, Macaws and Hummingbirds as well as many beautiful butterflies.

The Tambopata National Reserve
The Tambopata National Reserve covers around 270,000 hectares and is made up of a moist tropical forest habitat in the lowland Amazon Basin, which contains the cloud forests and the Andean Highlands. The park is also home to the Valencia Lake and the Sandoval lake which is own for its natural beauty. There are also many rivers which run through many areas of the park providing some of the most spectacular waterways that are filled with hundreds of species of flora and fauna.

The Tambopata National Reserve is well known for its Clay Licks, one of which is the largest in the world and which attract several species of Parrots and Macaws which come to feast on the rich mineral clay that detoxifies their bodies.

The park is home to around 100 species of amphibian, over 1000 species of butterflies, around 500 species of birds such as Kingfishers and Parakeets, and around 200 species of mammals such as the Puma, Jaguar, Howler Monkey, Caimans, Gazelles and the rare Giant River Otters who thrive in the park and can be viewed from the specially built observation towers. There are also many species of plants and trees that are also protected within the park and a great way to get a totally unique experience of Tambopata National Park is to go up onto the Canopy Walkway which is around 40 meters in height and allows you to get a spectacular view of the park whilst walking in the tree tops.

The Rio Abiseo National Park
The Rio Abiseo National Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990 and is an incredibly beautiful and protected area that due to its fragile nature is not open for tourism.

There are several varieties of flora and fauna within the park one of the most notable is the Yellow-tailed Wooley Monkey which is an endangered species and also the Yellow-Browed Toucanet which is also very rare. Other animals found within the park are Jaguars, Spectacled Bears and White Fronted Capuchin Monkeys. With many areas of the park also host to several species of plants.