Chavin de Huantar
Peru • South America

From: Peru Travel Guide

See also: Lima

Chavin de Huantar, Peru, South America
The centre of the Chavin culture was focussed around the religious and ceremonial site known as Chavin de Huantar which was built around 900 BC by the Chavin people who's large population flourished in the region up until around the 2nd century BC when it began to decline.

Chavin de Huantar was a successful agricultural society and was well positioned to pick up the trade routes between the coast and the jungle. The site contains many important structures such as the main square which was 20 meters in diameter and had three temples surrounding it.

The ruins of the Old Temple contains many underground passageways and a central circular courtyard. Inside there is the famous monolith called The Lanzon which was the most important statue of the Chavin culture.

The New Temple was built as an extension of the Old Temple much later around 500 to 200 BC and has several sculptures.

Chavin de Huanter is now a UNESCO World Heritage Trust site and many of the archaeological finds are safely kept in Lima at the Museo de la Nacion although there is a small museum on site.

Attraction Location Guide
Located in the Ancash region which is 250 kilometers to the North of Lima and at an elevation of around 3200 meters positioned in the Callejon de Conchucos valley which is within the Cordillera Blanca mountain range.