Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
Orissa • India

From: India Travel GuideEast Coast and The Bay Of Bengal

See also: Konark Temple Jagannath Temple

Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, India
The caves at Udayagiri and Khandagiri are of great historical and religious importance and are positioned on the hills of Udayagiri and Khandagiri which sit opposite each other and contain many excellent carvings and statues.

The caves were originally the home to Jain Monks during the reign of King Kharavela and they number around 33. The caves were built in the 2nd century BCE and the largest cave is the Queen's cave which is also called Ranigumpha, it is two stories high and contains several wonderful carvings. Many of the caves contain inscriptions and positioned at the entrance to the Ganeshagumpha cave are some lovely stone Elephant statues.

The Elephant cave which is also called the Hathigumpha contains an important inscription which was written by Raja Kharavela who was the King of Kalinga during the 2nd century BCE and consists of seventeen lines written in Brahmi letters which are positioned on an overhang of the cave and mentions several occurrences that happened during his reign.

From the top of the caves there is a wonderful view of Bhubaneswar which is only a few kilometers away.

Attraction Location Guide
The caves are located a few kilometers outside the city of Bhubaneswar in the state of Orissa, India.