The Red Fort
Delhi • India

From: India Travel Guide • Delhi Travel Guide and Delhi Festivals and Events

See also: Qutub MinarHumayun's TombJama Masjid

Red Fort, Delhi, India
The Red Fort is also known as Lal Qila and Lal Qil'ah, was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in around 1638 as a fortress for his capital city called Shahjahanabad.

The fortress complex is vast and the largest monument site in Delhi, with several fine examples of architectural styles and buildings, such as Mughal, Persian and European. Today the Red Fort is an incredibly popular tourist attraction and also the site from which the Prime Minister of India addresses the Nation on the 15th of August for Independence Day.

The main entrance is through the Lahore Gate which leads on to Chatta Chowk which is a covered bazaar that contains many stalls where you can buy souvenirs, food and drink.

The buildings within the Fort are grand in their design and well positioned and spread out throughout the complex, buildings of particular importance include the Diwan-i-am was the hall of public audiences and contains a platform for the emperors throne as well as beautiful columns which form arches throughout this large area.

The impressive Diwan-i-Khas which is also known as the Hall of Private Audiences was where the Emperor would receive any special guest visitors that he had, the building is made of marble and contains great detailing on the pillars and archways.

The Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque is a fairly small mosque that has wonderful decorations and domes on its exterior and was used for reciting daily prayer.

Mumtaz Mahl was built with marble on the lower half of the walls and pillars along with arched piers. The building now contains the Archaeological Survey of India Museum which displays various artefacts such as paintings and weapons.

The Rang-Mahal is an equally impressive building that was originally colorfully painted inside and which contains a large hall that was split into several compartments with the use of piers and arches. The compartments at the north and south ends of the building also had many tiny pieces of mirror embedded into the walls themselves to create a most stunning effect.

There are also plenty of pavilions within the Red Fort such as the Sawan Pavilion and the Bhadon Pavilion.

Attraction Location Guide
Red Fort is located in the Chandni Chowk area of Old Delhi next to the Yamuna River. The entrance to Red Fort is at the imposing Lahore Gate.

Sound and Light Show
During the evening there is a modern light and sound show which recreates much of the history of the Red Fort and is available in Hindi and in English for more details on price and timings ask at the Fort.